What are The Chemicals Used in Dry Cleaning?

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What are The Chemicals Used in Dry Cleaning?

Professional Cleaners

When it comes to professional cloth cleaning, there are two options to choose from, wet cleaning and dry cleaning. While wet cleaning is the conventional method of cleaning clothes, dry cleaning is a little different. In the process of dry cleaning, a chemical solvent is used in place of water to clean the clothes by professional cleaners. Hence, the process is known as dry cleaning. Dry cleaning is generally used for cleaning clothes that may get damaged due to the water and the tumbling process of wet cleaning. The chemicals used in dry cleaning clean the clothes without damaging them. So let us find out what chemicals are used in the process of dry cleaning.


Perchloroethylene, also known as Tetrachloroethylene or PERC, is a chemical solvent commonly used by a majority of dry cleaners. It is known to have a strong odor. PERC is also used as a paint stripper, automotive cleaner, and printing ink. It is a colorless solvent made from carbon and chlorine and is known to evaporate quickly. The reason for its extensive use is the aggressiveness of the solvent in removing stains.


This solvent has a base of petroleum making it combustible in nature. Even though hydrocarbon solvent is combustible in nature, it is not explosive when in use nor does it possess any fire risk. Also, hydrocarbons are less aggressive compared to PERC, which makes the cleaning process a little longer.

Liquid Silicone

Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane or liquid silicone is a chemical that is gentle on clothes, and it does not cause any kind of color loss during the cleaning process. The other good thing about liquid silicone is that it is environment-friendly. The only reason that not many dry cleaners use this solvent is that the cost of this chemical is twice as much as the other solvents.

Glycol Ethers

Glycol Ethers is a group of chemical solvents which are environment-friendly. A specific type of glycol ether, dipropylene glycol tertiary butyl ether (DPTB) is known to have a level of solvency that is considered to be greater than PERC. For this very reason, professional cleaners in Edmonton believe that DPTB could replace PERC completely in the near future.

The above-mentioned chemicals are some of the common types used by professional cleaners in Edmonton. While the use of a chemical solvent is necessary for the dry cleaning process, choosing environment-friendly chemicals and non-toxic dry cleaning is equally essential to do your bit towards the environment. So for your next dry cleaning, opt for eco-friendly professional cleaners in Edmonton.