What are The Chemicals Used for Dry Cleaning?

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What are The Chemicals Used for Dry Cleaning?

Local Dry Cleaners

Some clothes require extra attention, and they just cannot be cleaned in a washing machine using regular detergents. So how do you clean these clothes? You have two options to choose from- dry cleaning and wet cleaning. As the name suggests, wet cleaning uses water to clean the clothes whereas dry cleaning doesn’t use water. Then what is used in the dry cleaning process? To clean your garments, there are different chemicals used in the dry cleaning process. Here is a list of few chemicals used in dry cleaning process by local dry cleaners.


Hydrocarbon is a petroleum-based solvent that is less aggressive than other chemicals. It is a combustible solvent but does not produce a high degree of fires if used in normal conditions. Petroleum-based solvents are used since 1928 to prevent huge fires that were caused by the chemicals available that time.

Local dry cleaners in Edmonton use hydrocarbons to clean various clothing. According to them, this chemical does not cause harm to the clothing and gets rid of any dirt or stains.


Tetrachloroethylene or perchloroethylene is a chemical solvent which is generally termed as PERC by the local dry cleaners. This chemical evaporates rapidly and has a strong and sweet odor. It is colorless and is also a non-flammable chemical solvent. Other than dry cleaning process, it is also used in following applications:

  • Paint Strippers
  • Printing Ink
  • Spot Removers
  • Automotive Cleaners
  • Various Household Cleaning Products

Glycol Ether

Compared to PERC, glycol ether is a chemical solvent that is quite environment-friendly and more effective on certain types of fabric. It has higher flashpoint and has an equal or higher level of solvency compared to PERC. Many local dry cleaners believe that glycol ethers will eventually replace or substitute the use of PERC in the future.

Liquid Silicone

Liquid silicone, also known as decamethylcyclopentasiloxane or D5, is very gentle on clothes and is considerably more environment-friendly than other chemicals. Using this chemical doesn’t cause any color loss, but it is double the cost compared to all the other chemicals. Therefore, it is not a common type of chemical used by local dry cleaners.

Liquid Carbon Dioxide

According to people working in the dry cleaning industry, this chemical has a very low cleaning ability. Along with this, expensive machinery is needed for cleaning clothes using liquid carbon dioxide. Hence, it is not a common type of chemical used by local dry cleaners.

Now that you know the different types of chemicals your garments are treated with, you can ask your local dry cleaners about the effect these chemicals will have on the fabric of your clothing. Most dry cleaners will use hydrocarbons as it helps to clean clothes without any harm and it is cost-effective as well. If you are looking for a cost-effective and an environment-friendly dry cleaning in Edmonton, then get in touch with a dry cleaning firm that uses hydrocarbons and other chemicals with similar properties of hydrocarbons to clean your clothes.